Ottoman Mosque Unique Architecture

"Ottoman Mosque Unique Architecture"The central dome is an important part of Ottoman architecture that still prevails in Turkish mosques today. It was set up in mosques to create a single large Great Sinan designed all variants of the classic domed structures of its time. In our proposed principle of “one big volume” remained on the lookout for a unique form dome is not preferable because the large structures in a variety of coverage available today. Kaaba, the holiest site of Islam against which all Muslims during prayer in turn be a simple cube symbolizes simplicity and humbleness recommended to Muslims. Thus, the cube was chosen as the starting point for the development of mass mosque. So the rectangular mosques, was a fundamental principle of planning, due to the linear sequence of prayers perpendicular to the direction of the Kaaba, also obtained. The cube leaning toward the Kaaba to create more interior space, with reference to the bending movements and fatigue Salad except praise.

An inclined platforms within the bean cut down on the direction of the Kaaba is formed as a unique solution. So the lines clearly divided beans, beans bow heads that are too close to the foot of the front avoided, and the magnet is visible everywhere in prayer. The slope of the track continues outside the mosque, to divide the plot into two courtyards with different degrees. The higher is expected to host open Friday and Eid prayers for the dead, and the lowest 1.5 m surrounded by associated drainage. As with Sinan who designed each function in a separate structure in their religious complexes, residence, office magnet magnet, library, reading room, mortuaries and toilets are located in another building around the courtyard below. Only wash area is located within the mosque to allow direct access to the area of ??prayer. Dividing the tasks in two different buildings, the project is able to meet the diverse needs of textures or change the attachment and terraces. A wall to intercept the view of the mosque avoided by planning the Annex on the size of the lower court.

As in traditional Ottoman architecture, with the visual connection between the inner and the outer plot surrounding vegetation remains green roof attachment. Your continued use of the minaret in architectural design for his role in mosque architecture inseparable for centuries, and its current role as a place for public announcements in small towns and villages. In order to maintain transparency of the mass of the mosque, which is formed as a separate structure. Comprehensive needles hours and minutes for facades, the minaret was a bell tower. In the upper part of the minaret will be niches that birds nesting in relation to the Ottoman mosques.

Like the bright areas of prayer Ottoman mosques are not isolated from their environment are large transparent surfaces designed on all sides of the mosque. The realization of the side walls mosque more transparent, light penetration, and the visual link between the inner and outer active. Solar control of the columns of the stand head wide and flat, which acts as a contact Sun vertically. A pond is provided behind the Kaaba in front of the wall, in order to emphasize the symbolism of water is mentioned in the Koran as “source of life”, and to reflect the sky and the light deep into the interior.

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    January 2016
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