The Emergence of Architecture


Architecture is the art of designing and constructing buildings and other physical structures. The architecture is as old as human history because it is a basic human need. The architecture represents the history, culture, tradition, technology and climate of the nation. In the era of primitive man who used to live in caves, but over time the trend changes. Such “necessity is the mother of invention” the man began to do at home consists of stone to protect against extreme weather conditions as well as wild animals. Innovations and trends prevail and people started to house with bricks made of mud, then they start to cook the bricks to make them stronger to protect against other natural disasters.

Until now, many great artists and philosophers set architecture, but do not have a static definition. It is an art which is directly linked to all men, because a man is rich enough or poor, big or small or can live in any part of the world are facing architecture in his life. It can not be avoided, but we like it or not. William Morris is defined architecture as “the mold and change the face of human need very earth itself.” According to Jean Rustin is art for all to learn because of all the parties involved with it. This is influenced by climate, technology, culture, and community needs. nation architecture has been described a sense of people.’s architecture is also regarded as frozen music. Watson Sir Henry said that architecture is a product base, firmness and delight.

Greek architecture is considered the most primitive architecture and sustainable way. In most of the architecture of the Greek Parthenon (Parthenon of Athens) and temples included. It is also considered one of the wonders of the world. Greece is widely used in stone sculptures and architectural philosophy behind each of them to a place of worship. The oldest architecture with stone carving, wood carving and most of the construction work done by human hands that make it so unique. Most of the buildings where the repetition of symmetrical designs can be seen. The same Romanesque, Gothic, Egypt and India are examples of elegant antique architecture. This tells us all about the culture, climate and traditions of civilization. It seems hard work and struggle that has been given to the construction of the building. The materials used in buildings such as the most natural stone, marble, sand, wood, etc. The repetition of ideas and materials can be found in ancient architecture due to the lack of technology.

With the passage of time new discoveries in the field of technology, chemistry and many other scientific fields do. Many of these new materials have been introduced by architects and chemists have produced artificially low costs. Today architecture is a mixture of structuralism, formalism, high technology, expressionism and neo-expressionism. Booming industry and professional support simple modern architecture ornament, but less people-oriented as possible. Modern architecture rich in inspiration and ideas behind abstract. With the increasing complexity of the architecture is divided into different branches. Environmental hazards is the most hot which is why architects strive to create eco-design. Many architects to press the green sustainable building design them Van der Ryn Sim (1960), Ian Mc Harg (1970) in the United Kingdom and Brenda and Robert Vale in England and New Zealand’s most famous land. Architects are now designing buildings self-sufficient in all energy needs. Dynamic Tower is a famous modern building is a good example of sustainable architecture that will be powered by a water turbine and solar panels to meet its energy needs.

In short, whether good or bad architecture has a major impact on our lives. It is a symbol of strength and progress of the nation, but the architecture must be aesthetically pleasing and environmentally friendly to save our planet and its place in a beautiful way. Many trends are dead and many people will come, but the sole purpose is to provide shelter for humanity to create a world where they can live in peace and tranquility.

I am a student of the School of Architecture of Pakistan. Architecture is my passion and I have written this article to raise awareness of the new architecture and its importance in our lives.

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    August 2016
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